TV host Jimmy Kimmel’s son, William, was born on April 21st, 2017. But soon after birth, the baby boy started to turn blue. He was suffering from a rare birth defect called Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) with pulmonary atresia—and had to have open-heart surgery at the ripe age of three days old in order to save his life. This defect occurs in about five of every 10,000 births.
In this congenital heart defect, the passages from the heart to the lungs are blocked. Very little blood is able to get in and receive oxygen, and the normal cycle of blood flow throughout the body is interrupted. It’s actually a combination of four heart defects—a ventricular septal defect, pulmonary stenosis, right ventricular hypertrophy, and an overriding aorta. Put it all together, and what does it mean? Read the rest »
According to some accounts, the use of forceps during the delivery of a baby has been around since 1500 BC. They were more often used to save the life of the mother if the baby did not survive the birth. In the year 1600 AD, what may be considered “modern forceps” came into more common use. Since then, over 500 different shapes and styles of forceps have been created and used during delivery. In the early 1900s the use of forceps was common, especially because women at the time were often heavily sedated during delivery. As late as the 1970s, the use of forceps was still quite common, in large part because studies showed that labor exceeding two hours greatly increased the possibility of a fatal delivery event.
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